In bone cancer, tumours grow in the bones, and any bone can be affected. These tumours cause bone pain and swelling, depending on the type and location of the tumour. Therapy options include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
The symptoms depend on the location, size and type of the tumour. These include different degrees of:
- Feeling of tightness and pain in the area around the tumour
- Swelling or deformation of bones or joints
- Restricted mobility (if a tumour is located close to a joint)
Causes and treatment
The exact causes are unknown. Risk factors include:
- Genetic factors
- Exposure to radiation
Bone metastases are tumours that move to the bone from another cancer site. They occur when cancer cells spread to the skeleton through the bloodstream.
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- CT scan (computed tomography)
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
- Removal of tissue samples
- Blood test
- Radiation therapy
When to see a doctor?
- Persistent bone pain, in particular if it also occurs at night
- Visible swelling or deformation of bones