When anxiety is so persistent and excessive that it interferes with a person's daily activities, it is considered an anxiety disorder. Anxiety can arise in specific situations, be constant or cause panic attacks. Psychotherapy can help, e.g. supported and progressive confrontation with the triggers.
Anxiety takes centre stage. It can occur in the following forms:
- Fear of a specific situation, a “phobia” (e.g. large crowds of people, fear of heights, spiders)
- Constant generalised anxiety lasting weeks or years (without a clear reason)
- Recurring panic attacks (with or without a trigger) that usually last for some minutes
Causes and treatment
- Wrongly programmed reaction to an event
- Avoidance of the trigger event increases the fear
- Genetic predisposition
- Bad, emotionally stressful experiences increase the risk of an anxiety disorder
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Identification of the trigger in conversation
- Psychotherapy (e.g. supported and progressive confrontation with the trigger event to “unlearn” the anxiety reaction)
- Relaxation techniques
- Homoeopathic medicines or measures applied by alternative medicine such as acupuncture
What can I do myself?
- Request professional help when needed
When to see a doctor?
- Fear and anxiety interfere with daily life