Our environment is filled with microorganisms, some of which can cause infectious diseases. Depending on the pathogen and the patient's immune system, such infections can be minor or more severe. Treatment is dictated by the pathogen, and some preventive vaccinations are available.
Infectious diseases cause the most diverse symptoms. Many pathogens cause typical symptoms, and the patient's immune system also determines the severity of the infection.
Other possible symptoms
Causes and treatment
- Worms, parasites
- Prions (cause of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease)
Disease-causing agents can enter the body through the mouth, skin, mucous membranes, respiratory tract or genital organs. Important means of transmission include droplet infection, contact infection, exchange of body fluids, and insect stings and tick bites.
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Blood test
- Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid
- Urine test, stool analysis
- CT scan (computed tomography)
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
- Antibiotics (bacteria)
- Antiviral or antifungal medication, vermicides
- Antipyretic (i.e. fever-reducing) drugs
What can I do myself?
- Bed rest if you're sick, otherwise get enough sleep
- Don't eat contaminated or uncooked food
- Mosquito net
- Condoms against sexually transmitted infections
- Hand hygiene